Amy M. LaFountain, Qiaoshan Lin, Hayley E. McMahon, Ya Min, Baoqing Ding, Vandana Gurung, Jeffrey Seemann, and Yao-Wu Yuan. 2024. A distinct foliar pigmentation pattern in monkeyflower formed by activator-repressor gradients upstream of an anthocyanin-activating R2R3-MYB. Cell Reports. 43: 114444.
bullets_tri_purple  Featured on the Cover.

Rong-Chien Lin, Bianca T Ferreira, Yao-Wu Yuan. 2024. The molecular basis of phenotypic evolution: beyond the usual suspects. Trends in Genetics. doi:
bullets_tri_purple Featured on the Cover (forthcoming).

Hongfei Chen, Yao-Wu Yuan. 2024. Genetic basis of nectar guide trichome variation between bumblebee- and self-pollinated monkeyflowers (Mimulus): role of the MIXTA-like gene GUIDELESS. BMC Plant Biology. 24: 62. doi: 10.1186/s12870-024-04736-y


V Alex Sotola, Colette S Berg, Matthew Samuli, Hongfei Chen, Samuel J Mantel, Paul A Beardsley, Yao-Wu Yuan, Andrea L Sweigart, Lila Fishman. 2023. Genomic mechanisms and consequences of diverse postzygotic barriers between monkeyflower species. Genetics. iyad156. doi:

Amy M. LaFountain, Yao-Wu Yuan. 2023. Evolution: The art of deceptive pollination. Current Biology. 33: R301-R303. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2023.03.027 (invited Commentary) [PDF]

Liang M, Chen W, LaFountain AM, Liu Y, Peng F, Xia R, Bradshaw HD, Yuan YW. 2023. Taxon-specific, phased siRNAs underlie a speciation locus in monkeyflowers. Science. 379: 576-582. doi: 10.1126/science.adf1323
bullets_tri_purple Featured on the Cover.
bullets_tri_purple A companion commentary by Marie Monniaux.
bullets_tri_purple UConn Today: Yellow Evolution: Unique Genes Led to New Species of Monkeyflower

Amy M. LaFountain, Hayley E. McMahon, Noah M. Reid* and Yao-Wu Yuan*. 2023. To stripe or not to stripe: The origin of a novel foliar pigmentation pattern in monkeyflowers (Mimulus). New Phytologist. 237: 310-322. doi:10.1111/nph.18486 (*co-senior authors)


Mei Liang, Caitlin E. Foster, Yao-Wu Yuan. 2022. Lost in translation: molecular basis of reduced flower coloration in a self-pollinated monkeyflower (Mimulus) species. Science Advances. 8: eabo1113.
bullets_tri_purple Featured on the Cover.
bullets_tri_purple A companion commentary by Andrea Berardi.

Hongfei Chen*, Zheng Xiao*, Baoqing Ding, Pamela K. Diggle, Yao-Wu Yuan. 2022. Modular regulation of floral traits by a PRE1 homolog in Mimulus verbenaceus: implications for the role of pleiotropy in floral integration. Horticulture Research. 9: uhac168. (*equal contribution)

Ningkun Liu, Yanzhuo Xu, Qi Li, Yuxin Cao, Dechang Yang, Shasha Liu, Xiaokang Wang, Yingjie Mi, Yang Liu, Chenxi Ding, Yan Liu, Yong Li, Yao-Wu Yuan, Ge Gao, Jinfeng Chen, Weiqiang Qian, Xiaoming Zhang. A lncRNA fine-tunes salicylic acid biosynthesis to balance plant immunity and growth. Cell Host & Microbe. 30: 1124-1138. doi:10.1016/j.chom.2022.07.001


Baoqing Ding*, Jingjian Li*, Vandana Gurung, Qiaoshan Lin, Xuemei Sun, Yao-Wu Yuan. 2021. The leaf polarity factors SGS3 and YABBYs regulate style elongation through auxin signaling in Mimulus lewisii. New Phytologist. 232: 2191–2206. (*equal contribution) [PDF]

A. M. LaFountain, Y. W. Yuan. 2021. Repressors of anthocyanin biosynthesis. New Phytologist. 231: 917-932. doi: 10.1111/nph.17397

V. Gurung, Y. W. Yuan, P. K. Diggle. 2021. Comparative analysis of corolla tube development across three closely related Mimulus species with different pollination syndromes. Evolution & Development. 23: 244-255. [PDF]

Q. Li, N. Liu, Q. Liu, X. Zheng, L. Lu, W. Gao, Y. Liu, Y. Liu, S. Zhang, Q. Wang, J. Pan, C. Chen, Y. Mi, M. Yang, X. Cheng, G. Ren, Y.W. Yuan, X. Zhang. 2021. DEAD-box helicases modulate dicing body formation in Arabidopsis. Science Advances. 7: eabc6266.

X. Zheng, K. Om, K. A. Stanton, D. Thomas, P. A. Cheng, A. Eggert, E. Simmons, Y. W. Yuan, G. D. Smith, J. R. Puzey, A. M. Cooley. 2021. The regulatory network for petal anthocyanin pigmentation is shaped by the MYB5a/NEGAN transcription factor in Mimulus. Genetics. 217: iyaa036.

T. C. Nelson, A. M. Stathos, D. D. Vanderpool, F. R. Finseth, Y. W. Yuan, L. Fishman. 2021. Ancient and recent introgression shape the evolutionary history of pollinator adaptation and speciation in a model monkeyflower radiation (Mimulus section Erythranthe). PLoS Genetics. 17: e1009095.


Ding, B., R. Xia, Q. Lin, V. Gurung, J. M. Sagawa, L. E. Stanley,  M. Strobel, P. K. Diggle B. C. MeyersY. W. Yuan. 2020. Developmental genetics of corolla tube formation: role of the tasiRNA-ARF pathway and a conceptual model. Plant Cell. 32: 3452-3468. [PDF]
bullets_tri_purple  Featured on the Cover.

Stanley, L. E., B. Ding, W. Sun, F. Mou, C. Hill, S. Chen, Y. W. Yuan. 2020. A tetratricopeptide repeat protein regulates carotenoid biosynthesis and chromoplast development in monkeyflowers (Mimulus). Plant Cell. 32: 1536–1555. [PDF]

Baoqing Ding*, Erin L. Patterson*, Srinidhi Holalu*, Jingjian Li, Grace A. Johnson, Lauren E. Stanley, Anna B. Greenlee, Foen Peng, H. D. Bradshaw Jr., Michael L. Blinov, Benjamin K. Blackman#, YaoWu Yuan#. 2020. Two MYB proteins in a self-organizing activator-inhibitor system produce spotted pigmentation patterns. Current Biology. 30: 802–814. (*equal contribution;#Co-senior authors) [PDF]
bullets_tri_purple  A companion commentary by Murat Unalan and Patrick Muller.
bullets_tri_purple  A  commentary by Paula Elomaa.
bullets_tri_purple  Highlighted in Science “Editors’ Choice”: Self-organizing floral pigmentation patterns
bullets_tri_purple  National Geographic: Old math reveals new secrets about these alluring flowers
bullets_tri_purple  UConn Today: How Did the Monkeyflower Get Its Spots? 
bullets_tri_purple  Berkeley News: How the monkeyflower gets its spots? 
bullets_tri_purple  Preview of this study and other Mimulus research: Meet the monkeyflower 


Lowry, D., Sobel, J., Angert, A., Ashman, T.‐L., Baker, R., Blackman, B., Brandvain, Y., Byers, K., Cooley, A., Coughlan, J., Dudash, M., Fenster, C., Ferris, K., Fishman, L., Friedman, J., Grossenbacher, D., Holeski, L., Ivey, C., Kay, K., Koelling, V., Kooyers, N., Murren, C., Muir, C., Nelson, T., Peterson, M., Puzey, J., Rotter, M., Seemann, J., Sexton, J., Sheth, S., Streisfeld, M., Sweigart, A., Twyford, A., Vallejo‐Marín, M., Willis, J., Wright, K., Wu, C. and Yuan, Y.‐W. 2019. The case for the continued use of the genus name Mimulus for all monkeyflowers. Taxon. 68: 617-623. [PDF]

Stanley, L. E., Y. W. Yuan. 2019. Transcriptional regulation of carotenoid biosynthesis in plants: So many potential regulators, so little consensus. Frontiers in Plant Science. 10: 1017. doi:10.3389/fpls.2019.01017.

Y. W. Yuan. 2019. Monkeyflowers (Mimulus): new model for plant developmental genetics and evo-devo. New Phytologist. 222: 694-700. [PDF]

Gu Z., J. Zhu, Q. Hao, Y. W. Yuan, Y. Duan, S. Men, Q. Wang, Q. Hou, Z. Liu, Q. Shu, L. Wang. 2019. A novel R2R3-MYB transcription factor contributes to petal blotch formation by regulating organ-specific expression of PsCHS in tree peony (Paeonia suffruticosa). Plant and Cell Physiology. 60: 599-611. [PDF]


LaFountain A. M.*, W. Chen*, W. Sun, S. Chen, H. A. Frank, B. Ding, Y. W. Yuan. 2017. Molecular basis of overdominance at a flower color locus. G3: GENES, GENOMES, GENETICS. 7: 3947-3954 (*equal contribution) [PDF] Access the recommendation on F1000

Edger P. P., R. D. Smith, M. R. McKain, A. M. Cooley, M. Vallejo-Marin, Y. W. Yuan, A. J. Bewick, L. Ji, A. E. Platts, M. J. Bowman, K. Childs, J. D. Washburn, R. Schmitz, G. D. Smith, J. C. Pires, J. R. Puzey. 2017. Subgenome dominance in an interspecific hybrid, synthetic allopolyploid, and a 140-year-old naturally established neo-allopolyploid monkeyflower. Plant Cell. 29: 2150-2167. [PDF]

Ding, B., F. Mou, W. Sun, S. Chen, F. Peng, H. D. Bradshaw Jr., Y. W. Yuan. 2017. A dominant-negative actin mutation alters corolla tube width and pollinator visitation in Mimulus lewisii. New Phytologist. 213: 1936-1944. [PDF]


Yuan Y. W., A. B. Rebocho, J. M. Sagawa, L. E. Stanley, H. D. Bradshaw, Jr. 2016. Competition between anthocyanin and flavonol biosynthesis produces spatial pattern variation of floral pigments between Mimulus species. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, U.S.A. 113: 24482453. [PDF] [Supporting Information]
bullets_tri_purple  UConn Today: How Monkeyflowers Attract Both Birds and Bees? 

Ding B., Y. W. Yuan. 2016. Testing the utility of fluorescent proteins in Mimulus lewisii by an Agrobacterium-mediated transient assay. Plant Cell Reports. 35: 771-777. [PDF]

Sagawa J. M.*, L. E. Stanley*, A. M. LaFountain, H. A. Frank, C. Liu, Y. W. Yuan. 2016. An R2R3-MYB transcription factor regulates carotenoid pigmentation in Mimulus lewisii flowers. New Phytologist. 209: 1049-1057. (*equal contribution) [PDF]


LaFountain, A. M., H. A. Frank, Y. W. Yuan. 2015. Carotenoid composition of the flowers of Mimulus lewisii and related species: Implications regarding the prevalence and origin of two unique, allenic pigments. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics. 573: 32-39.  [PDF]


Yuan, Y. W., J. M. Sagawa, L. Frost, J. Vela, H. D. Bradshaw, Jr. 2014. The transcriptional control of anthocyanin pigmentation in monkeyflowers (Mimulus). New Phytologist. 204: 1013–1027.  [PDF]

Liu, D., W. Sun, Y. W. Yuan, N. Zhang, A. Hayward, L. Liu, Y. Wang. 2014. Phylogenetic analyses give the first insights into the evolution of OVATE family proteins in land plants. Annals of Botany. 113: 1219-1233.  [PDF]


Hellsten, U., K. M. Wright, J. Jenkins, S. Shu, Y. W. Yuan, S. R. Wessler, J. Schmutz, J. H. Willis, D. S. Rokhsar. 2013. Fine-scale variation in meiotic recombination in Mimulus inferred from population shotgun sequencing. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, U.S.A. 110: 19478–19482.  [PDF]

Yuan, Y. W., K. J.R.P. Byers, H. D. Bradshaw, Jr. 2013. The genetic control of flower-pollinator specificity. Current Opinion in Plant Biology. 16: 422-428.  [PDF]

Yuan, Y. W., J. M. Sagawa, V. S. Di Stilio, H. D. Bradshaw, Jr. 2013. Bulk segregant analysis of an induced floral mutant identifies a MIXTA-like R2R3 MYB controlling nectar guide formation in Mimulus lewisii. Genetics. 194: 523-528.  [PDF]

Yuan, Y. W., J. M. Sagawa, R. C. Young, B. J. Christensen, H. D. Bradshaw, Jr., 2013. Genetic dissection of a major anthocyanin QTL contributing to pollinator-mediated reproductive isolation between sister species of Mimulus. Genetics. 194: 255-263.  [PDF]
bullets_tri_purple  Featured on the Cover.
bullets_tri_purple  A companion commentary by Daniel Ortiz-Barrientos.

Before 2013

Yuan, Y. W., S. R. Wessler. 2011. The catalytic domain of all eukaryotic cut-and-paste transposase superfamilies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, U.S.A. 108: 7884-7889.  [PDF] [Supporting Information]

Yuan, Y. W., D. J. Mabberley, D. A. Steane, R. G. Olmstead. 2010. Further disintegration and redefinition of Clerodendrum (Lamiaceae): Implications for the understanding of the evolution of an intriguing breeding strategy. Taxon. 59: 125-133.  [PDF]

Yuan, Y. W., C. Liu, H. E. Marx, R. G. Olmstead. 2010. An empirical demonstration of using pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) genes as plant phylogenetics tools: Phylogeny of Verbenaceae and the Verbena complex. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 54: 23-35.  [PDF]

Marx, H. E., N. O’Leary, Y. W. Yuan, P. Lu-Irving, D. C. Tank, M. E. Mulgura, R. G. Olmstead. 2010. A molecular phylogeny and classification of Verbenaceae. American Journal of Botany. 97: 1647-1663.  [PDF]

O’Leary, N., Y. W., Yuan, A. Chemisquy, R. G. Olmstead. 2009. Reassignment of species of paraphyletic Junellia s.l. to the new genus Mulguraea (Verbenaceae) and new circumscription of genus Junellia: Molecular and morphological congruence. Systematic Botany. 34: 777-786.  [PDF]

Yuan, Y. W., C. Liu, H. E. Marx, R. G. Olmstead. 2009. The pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) gene family, a tremendous resource for plant phylogenetic studies. New Phytologist. 182: 272-283.  [PDF]

Yuan, Y. W., R. G. Olmstead. 2008. Evolution and phylogenetic utility of the PHOT gene duplicates in the Verbena complex (Verbenaceae): dramatic intron size variation and footprint of ancestral recombination. American Journal of Botany. 95: 1166-1176.  [PDF]

Yuan, Y. W., R. G. Olmstead. 2008. A species-level phylogenetic study of the Verbena complex (Verbenaceae) indicates two independent Intergeneric chloroplast transfers. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 48: 23-33.  [PDF]

Yuan, Y. W., Z. Y. Zhang, Z. D. Chen, R. G. Olmstead. 2006. Tracking ancient polyploids: A retroposon insertion reveals an extinct diploid ancestor in the polyploid origin of Belladonna. Molecular Biology and Evolution. 23: 2263-2267.  [PDF]